By: Rune Nilsen and Tor-Henning Iversen, 3. September 2021

Water is polar with plus at one end and minus at the other end, therefore a water molecule will bind to another because plus and minus attract each other. In this way, the water molecules form large units bound together through polar bonds (attraction through pluses and minuses).

In a waterfall where there is a lot of energy, these large clumped water molecules are torn apart into many small molecules. Many people will interpret this process to mean that the water is restructured and this is the reason why you should drink running, not stagnant water in nature, something most of us know. The running water also has a higher oxygen content.

In a comprehensive scientific article in Nature ( Generation mechanism of hydroxyl radical species and its lifetime prediction during plasma-initiated ultraviolet (UV) photolysis | Scientific Reports (nature.com)

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep09332 ) the authors point out that one can apply to water a similar energy as in a waterfall. This is achieved by using UV radiation in the range from 200-300nm. Thus, biological reactions in the water start primarily as a consequence of radical formation. Free radicals are compounds that contain an unpaired electron and thus become very reactive. One type of radical that is formed by UV irradiation in water are hydroxyl radicals (H *) which are unstable molecules that have an ability to fight pollution, including certain viruses, bacteria and fungi. This is already in practical use worldwide.

Back to water: The phenomenon that the water molecules that occur in stagnant water lump together will, due to the hydroxyl radicals, split and divide into many small units. The water molecules become active molecules that affect signaling systems in an aqueous biological solution.

In connection with DabVs, we believe that similar reactions occur in the water when we place a DabV unit on top of a water pipe. In a light meter that is scientifically called a spectrophotometer, we have sent light through the water placed in a glass (a cuvette) in the light meter. On the other side of the cuvette, the light that passes through is measured (transmitted). The measurements show that light passes through the entire spectral range from UV to visible light (200-800nm). However, we see the largest effects in the UV range from 200-300nm and there is reason to assume that this is what we see here that causes the water molecules to tear apart as in a waterfall in nature at the same time as the oxygen content in the water increases and lime crystals dissolve into smaller crystals. The Scientific studies done on the effects of the water treatment DabV show that in practice the effect is positive for higher (eukaryotic) organisms (humans, animals, fish and plants) that need the activated water with a high oxygen content in their metabolism as aerobic organisms. However, studies show that DabV simultaneously removes simple, inferior (prokaryotic) organisms such as E. coli , coliform and intestinal enterococci which primarily show that they do not tolerate the aerobic conditions produced.

In a simple experiment (Figure 3) one can show how water that is exposed to the entire spectral range shows clear results in a spectrophotometer in the UV range both in pure water and as a consequence of the effect of two different types of DabV (blue and white).

DabV curve
picture3

Figure 3: Measured in a JENWAY 7205 spectrophotometer where the water is untreated (%22Blank%22, blue line), the transmission will be seen as a horizontal line, but with strong effects in the UV range that indicate radical formation. After exposure to two types of DabVs (Blue »and« White »), the radical formation is thus intensified in the UV area where the marked peaks can be detected. The vertical axis is usually unnamed and shows relative values. The horizontal axis indicates the spectral range from UV to visible light (200-800nm).

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